We use the Read Write Inc programme to teach phonics from FS1 to KS1. Children are taught the 44 different sounds of the English language and their corresponding grapheme representations. This scheme has a systematic, synthetic approach to the teaching of early reading. Starting in Nursery, our pupils are introduced to letter sounds using picture cues and handwriting rhymes. Alongside grapheme/phoneme correspondence, the children are taught how to blend sounds to read words. Phonics is taught daily throughout FS1 and KS1 and we are proud that our scores for the Phonics Screening Check are in line with national average.

Read Write Inc



We use the Oxford Reading Tree scheme throughout school. Rooted in reading for pleasure and with systematic phonics at its heart, it promotes varied reading styles, giving children everything they need to become confident readers. Alongside learning how to read, pupils are taught comprehension skills and to appreciate a broad range of literature. Every child reads with their teacher either 1:1 or in a group at least once a week and has a comprehension lesson every other week from KS2.

Reading involves two main elements – word recognition and language comprehension. We aim to teach every child to become a fluent reader by the end of KS1. We teach children comprehension skills so that they can interpret and understand a text. We hope to inspire children to love literature and to use the crucial life skill of reading to open the doors to the rest of the curriculum and become lifelong learners.



Spelling is taught three times a week and pupils have a weekly spelling test. We use the Babcock Scheme for Spelling which follows the National Curriculum.  We encourage pupils to check and edit their spelling in their writing on a regular basis. Words that are incorrect are highlighted pink and pupils use sound mats or year group word mats to self correct.



Grammar is taught through our units of work. Pupils have discrete grammar lessons but Teachers also plan grammar into their T4W units of work. Pupils are expected to apply the grammar they have been taught in their independent writing and they are monitored closely to check that we can see progress in this area.


Speaking and Listening

Speaking and listening skills are taught throughout the T4W units of work. Pupils have to read their work to a peer or the class, perform poetry. discuss, explain and clarify their thinking. Speaking and listening skills are also taught through regular Philosophy for Children (P4C) lessons where pupils are encouraged to explain and expand ideas, consider other pupils' opinion and summarise their thoughts.


Read Write Inc (RWI)

Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics based programme which helps children learn to read whilst also developing a wide range of vocabulary and encouraging a love of stories. It was developed by Ruth Miskin and more information on this can be found at . It is a programme is for primary school children learning to read.  

How do we know RWI works?

Schools embedding this programme have been recognised by OFSTED in the HMI ‘Reading by Six Report’ (November 2010) as an example of how the best schools teach reading.

What does the RWI teaching process look like at Elton?

Children are first taught the pure ‘set 1 sounds’ so that they will be able to blend the sounds in words more easily. In School we call this ‘Fred Talk’. We do not use letter names at this stage; we simply focus on the sounds that are used to sound out words. To view correct pronunciation of the sounds watch the video below.  At this stage, the children are not only taught the ‘sound’ the letter makes, but also how to form the letter, using a rhyme and picture prompt. Learning the terminology Phonics is a highly effective way of teaching reading and spelling. Blending when reading and segmenting when spelling. It is based on the link between sounds and the way we write them down (graphemes).

i-n contains 2 sounds and 2 graphemes.

c-a-t contains 3 sounds and 3 graphemes

ch-a-t contains 3 sounds and 3 graphemes

l-igh-t contains 3 sounds and 3 graphemes

c-r-a-sh contains 4 sounds and 4 graphemes

s-t-r-ee-t contains 5 sounds and 5 graphemes

Each word always contains the same number of sounds and graphemes.

Graphemes can have 1,2,3,4 or 5 letters. 

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Elton Primary School

School Lane, Elton
Chester, Cheshire CH2 4LT

Main Contact: Miss E Jackson or Mrs A Charlton

Tel: 01244 981170

SENCO - Mrs Samantha Higginson

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